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Word Count: 697
In 1901 when federation was declared it was the merging of the six separate Australian colonies that formed what is now the Commonwealth of Australia Federation occurred for many reasons including the need to unite Australias defence unit As well as the need for a common approach to bank laws currency measurements and weight A federation would also eradicate taxes and tariffs resulting in better free trade and communication between states Not to mention the White Australia policy that would be enabled Federation occurred through the aid of many political leaders federation lobby groups a number of constitutional drafts and the people of Australia through a series of conventions held in different colonies One of the key reasons for Federation was to unite Australias defence Each individual states defence force was not strong enough to protect Australias vast coastline from attack It therefore made good sense to unite the defence under one command As well as aiding in Australias defence Federation would make uniform the different bank laws taxes and tariffs making it easier to trade travel and communicate between states It would also change railway-track sizes so they were identical everywhere allowing people to stay on the same train instead of changing at each states border In addition Federation would also improve Australias economy by forming better trade laws such as free trade between states Furthermore many people believed a Federated Australia would help to make a White Australia possible by toughening immigration laws Some colonies were opposed to this policy as they used foreign labour which was often much cheaper than local labour An example of this is Queensland which employed Kanakas people from the Cook Islands Under the new constitution not only the Kanakas but also the much-feared Chinese who came to Australia during the gold rush would not be allowed into Australia Thus Federation would eliminate unwanted foreigners providing more employment for Australians The first
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