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The Kamakura period 1186 - 1333 is heralded by the location of political power in Kamakura located about 28 miles southwest of modern-day Tokyo The Imperial court gave recognition to the de facto rule of Minamoto Yoritomo by conferring on him the title shogun after he defeated the Taira family in 1185 decisively in the battle of Dan no Ura Yoritomo established his base in Kamakura The kamakura bakufu tent government was Japans first military or warrior government The bakufu controlled the counrty through a system of appointed governors and stewards The bakufus main area of control was in the eastern provinces far from Kyoto where the emperor still lived Warrior bands which had previously been under the rule of Kyoto gave their allegiance to the Minamoto and the system of bakufu rule This shift in political power marks th ebeginning of the Medieval period in Japan and era that lasted roughly until the beginning of the 17th century This political change had long lasting effects although various clans held power through the ages the shogunate form of government lasted until the 19th century with the collapse of the Tokugawa in 1868What precipitated the political change that led to the loss of Fujiwara power in Kyoto and the shift of rule from the Imperial court to the military government in Kamakura In the Heian period the Imperial government had no military presence outside Kyoto and even within the city it could do little to curb crime Buddhist monasteries in and around the city had large holdings and they established their own protective forces of warrior monks proficient in martial arts The Court began to rely on favorite provincial clans as body guards and military police within the capital The samurai meaning one who serves the Emperor derived from this practice The most important clans were the Taira or Heike with land holdings in the west and the Minamoto or Genji with land holdings in the
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