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Labor Unions must be understood in the context of the economic structures that occurred within the United States and included the agrarian industrial and post industrial period Cohen 27 In the year 1700 there were approximately 220000 people living in the United States and approximately 95 were farmers 94 Almanac 53 The farmers comprised small communities and at that time there was no need for Unions as we know them today Some of the earliest Unions were created in the 1700s when the shoemakers in Philadelphia formed a Trade Union for the purpose of regulating the wages that they would pay an apprentice and establish the length of time that apprenticeship would be necessary Leap 29 In the mid-1700s small cities began to grow along the east coast of the United States Although the cities began to grow the society was still agrarian in nature Cohen 28 As the country entered he industrial revolution the population began to migrate to the cities Cohen 28 The industrial revolution experienced a need for coal oil and food production especially the meat packing industry Cohen 29 The needs centered around the railroads which expanded greatly during the 1850s Rogers 7 During this period the railroads became dependent upon massive amounts of information and organization to effectively run their operations It is during this time period that the railroads developed management practices that included formalized accounting procedures and management techniques for supervisors dealing with the many people employed by the railroad Rogers 7 In addition the railroads began to establish their own codes rules and regulations for operating the railroads Yates 153 In 1910 the population of the United States had grown to 922 million people Census Bureau 26 Industry was expanding at a rapid rate and the companies that controlled them pushed for greater profits and efficiency Industries also published their own magazine such as Factory Magazine that was aimed at
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