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Word Count: 849
During the period of the 1920s American lifestyle was transforming into a new modern development The modern development met against a series of spirited and at times effective rebellions The tension between new and changing attitudes and traditional values and nostalgia was manifested in tense cultural conflicts The modernizing currents and tension between the old versus new ideals were most apparent in the areas of religion raceethnic and women All met with harsh criticism opposition and imbalance Before the 1920s America had based its lifestyle and customs on Christian ideals However with the appearance and deep interest in the sciences of the 1920s Christian ideals were challenged Fundamentalists were in favor of Christian ideals the Bible and opposed all teachings of Charles Darwins evolution theory Fundamentalists insisted that people had been created by God as described in Genesis On the other hand modernists were in favor of science and the teachings of Charles Darwins evolution This tension between science and religion was most apparent and evident in the famous Tennessee Evolution Case of 1925 The trial of evolution was a traumatic experience for the fundamentalist In the end Scopes the biology teacher was fined 100 and ultimately the case was dismissed Doc C William Jennings Bryan the prosecution had been made to look as a complete ignorant and uneducated man The Scopes trial completely devastated the Fundamentalist movement Leuchtenberg 218-224 Along with the Scopes trial writers wrote novels speaking against religion adding to the tension Portrayals of the Holy City were contrasted with the normal everyday cities Modern outlooks were taken and Christian ideals were considered no more than supernatural whoopee Doc I Bruce Bartons book The Man Nobody Knows also was evidence of the tension He depicted Jesus Christ as not only a religious prophet but also a super salesman who picked up twelve men from the bottom ranks of business and forged them into an organization that conquered the world Gathering
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