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The Six Day War broke out on June 5 1967 following three weeks of tension which began on May 15 1967 when it was known that Egypt had concentrated large-scale forces in the Sinai peninsula Egypts force buildup in the Sinai was accompanied by other serious steps the United Nations Emergency Force stationed on the border between Egypt and Israel and Sharm el-Sheikh in 1957 and which had provided an actual separation between the countries was evacuated on May 19 upon the demands of the Egyptian president at the time Gamal Abdel-Nasser the Egyptian navy blocked the Straits of Tiran located at the end of the Gulf of Eilat on the night of May 22-23 1967 preventing the passage of any Israeli vessels and on May 30 1967 Jordan joined the Egyptian-Syrian military alliance of 1966 and placed its army on both sides of the Jordan river under Egyptian command Iraq followed suit It agreed to send reinforcement and issued a warning order to two brigades Contingents arrived from other Arab countries including Algeria and Kuweit Israel was confronted by an Arab force of some 465000 troops over 2880 tanks and 810 aircraft In this way a direct threat on the whole length of Israeli territory was created The Egyptian Army was deployed in the Sinai the straits were closed signaling the failure of Israeli deterrence and Jordan joined the military alliance closing the circle of the states threatening Israels borders As the situation deteriorated Israel increased its reserve forces call-up which had already been underway and established a National Unity government which included representatives of the opposition parties at that time Moshe Dayan was appointed Minister of Defense Though the Government of Israel viewed the closing of the straits as a belligerent act and a warning bell the government tried to solve the crisis through political channels The government of Israel approached the Great Powers who had guaranteed the freedom of Israeli navigation Britain
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