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During the XVIIIth Dynasty of New Kingdom Egypt 1550-1295BC Amun became known as the King of Gods He was the father of the Pharaoh and the ruler of conquered lands Religious belief was tied into every aspect of New Kingdom society Akhenaten Amenhotep IV 1353-1337 completely changed the nature of this society - he proclaimed the Aten as the sole god of Egypt and abolished all others Although different forms of sun worship had existed since the Vth dynasty Akhenatens religious reforms were completely new to Egypt The Pharaoh moved the capital changed burial practices and introduced a new style of art that was used in representations of the royal family worshipping the Aten The Amarna age as it is known was short lived After the death of the king all traces of Atenism were abolished and the kingdom was quickly restored to its former state under the watchful eye of Amun A thousand years prior to the reign of Akhenaten the sun god is mentioned in the pyramid texts Early worship of the sun god in the form of the Aten can be traced back to the reign of Amenemhat I 1963-1943 whom upon his death was said to have been united with the Aten on the horizon and during the reign of Amenhotep II 1427-1401 the image of the Aten as the sun disc with extended arms first appeared In the reign of Thutmose IV 1401-1391 the Aten became known as the exalted god of the sky but it was Amenhotep III 1391-1353 father of Amenhotep IV who first gave the Aten a prominent position within the Egyptian pantheon Under his rule the name of the Aten was given to a palace The Aten is Resplendent the state barge Radiance of the Aten an army corps and at least one of his children It has been suggested that Amenhotep III may have been revered as Re Himself Amenhotep IV grew up
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