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Emerging from the pre-industrial era alcohol was very much a part of workers lives both at work and at home Alcohol was a thirst quencher a dietary supplement and a stimulant Alcohol also played a social role in that it helped form bonds among men At first employers encouraged the use of alcohol but later during the Industrial Revolution their views began to change Employers felt that the use of alcohol was a problem it created an obstacle to industrial work and discipline Alcohol in their eyes was conducive to absenteeism accidents inefficiency and insubordination The reasons for the changes in the workplace are discussed below Pre-industrial Europe allowed drinking on the job The pace of work varied according to lifes other plans Discussion drink and song were all part of the workday The use of alcohol as a stimulant and thirst quencher and for social exchanges was prevalent during this time When an apprentice or journeyman made progress in his profession all workers enjoyed an informal break where alcohol was served to celebrate During these events the master craftsman celebrated with his journeymen and apprentices After industrialization took off the workplace required new customs and rituals However workers held on to tradition and continued to use alcohol for its social and physiological benefits Workers believed that they cannot perform their usual work without alcohol 171 Change at the workplace left less time for socialization outside the job The work setting became an important place for social interaction As Rudolf Braun noted the less free time the factory worker had for the satisfaction of his social needs the more he was forced to seek an alternative during working hours Under the force of these circumstances the factory workshop itself became an important arena of social life 171 The use of alcohol at the workplace was seen as normal in the pre-industrialized period In the new era however employers looked differently at not
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