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Introduction World War 1 was the first total war to be fought It started in 1914 and lasted for four years ending in 1918 on November 11th During these years millions of soldiers were killed and because of the nature of the total war which means everybody in the country is involved in the war effort those people on the home front were also affected in many ways This essay looks at how the non-combatants at home lived during the war years The effects they experienced ranged from rationing limitations on their freedom to how the lives of women changed by this event A variety of sources are used to illustrate this DORA The Government at the end of 1914 passed the Defence of the Realm Act This gave Parliament the power to control everything that made the country run Here are some of the things that Parliament could now do DORA involved civilians in the war effort British newspapers were censored There were restrictions on pub opening hours The government had powers to take over factories and organise industry for war production Many factories switched to producing munitions and employed women workers Extra land was ploughed up for farming in addition to the existing farmland Members of the Womens Land Army did the farm work Public parks and other pieces of spare land were used as allotments Food rationing was introduced in 1918 because of food shortages In Clydeside and South Wales there were strikes for more pay which annoyed Lloyd George Minister of Munitions because he wanted to keep the soldiers supplied with shells The Newspapers also expressed their disgust for the strikes The Government used DORA to stop the public from throwing bread to the birds this is because they wanted there to be no waste Another thing that the Government used DORA for was introducing drinking hours This was because they thought alcohol was holding up
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