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Word Count: 586
THE TRIREME Boats have always represented technological ability and knowledge And though the Ancient Greeks of Homers time were not very technologically advanced relative to the present time their ships were quite remarkable The most prominent among the Greek fighting ships was the trireme The trireme first appeared around 700BC in Corinth After years of modification this Mediterranean galley became the predominant warship from 500 to 300BC Controversy arises in trying to describe these ancient ships because so little is known about them Not many artifacts and no seafaring manuals have been found to teach the modern world about this part of civilization Despite this fact we do know that shipbuilding and seafaring were important parts of ancient Greek life One of the main parts of this life was war and accordingly these galleys were especially designed for battle and quick maneuver The Greeks used light-weight wood that had a natural curve to form the frame This shows that they had a thorough knowledge of structure The hull was relatively shallow and wide The front of the ship was covered in metal to strength The design maximized stability strength and speed The galley hull is known as a double-ender which merely means that the ship resembles a kayak more than a rowboat The hull was based on the Phoenician Principle of outrigger compartments running nearly all of its length These compartments had a space for each oar and thus provided leverage for the oarsman to row The actual size of this space is not agreed upon but could range from 13m x 10cm to a hole just slightly larger than the diameter of the oar These spaces were probably 88m apart as were the oarsmen Since there were three levels of rowers which is the general consensus among descriptions hence the name trireme there were three levels of compartments The oars about 7cm in diameter came in several lengths depending on the
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