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Word Count: 1,863
Piagets theory of intelligence When considering intelligence Piaget focuses on the mental processes that occur rather than on the actual measure of the intellect He uses four areas to define intelligence These areas are a biological approach to looking at intelligence the succession of the stages knowledge and intellectual competence Piagets biological approach or biological adaption focuses on the physical and mental aspects of our bodies This includes our reflexes which occur when certain stimuli trigger an instinctive response He also discusses how we adapt to certain situations using assimilation and accommodation Assimilation occurs when new information is introduced to a person The person begins to integrate the new information into existing files or schema Accommodation occurs when the person reorganizes schema to accommodate him or herself with the environment The succession of stages involves the movement through four stages that Piaget has set and defined Children must move through these stages during their childhood These include Sensorimotor Preoperational Concrete operational and Formal operational Stage movement is an important factor of Piagets definition of intelligence because Piaget states there are specific sets of criteria that must be met and mastered at each stage In order to move from the first stage to the next the child must master that specific set of criteria To define Intellectual Competence Piaget focuses on the highest level of functioning that can occur at a specific stage Although Piaget has approximate ages assigned to stages a childs competence is only measured by what stage they are in not by age If the child can only perform tasks that are at the preoperational stage that is the highest level the child is at regardless of age The sensorimotor stage is the first of the four stages Piaget uses to define cognitive development Piaget designated the first two years of an infants life as the sensorimotor stage During this period infants are busy discovering relationships between their bodies and the environment
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