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Pope Pius IX Pius IX was an ultra conservative who favored a conservative Church and was against all religious liberalism Through his papacy Pope Pius IX did all that he could to get rid of liberal Catholicism most notably publishing the Syllabus of Errors Bokenkotter T 272 When Pius IX was first elected he lived up to his reputation of being a liberal He issued a general pardon for political prisoners for sharing the government of the Papal States with laymen and granted his subjects a constitution that set up a bicameral form of government whose lower house was elected by indirect suffrage However Pope Pius had no intention of implementing liberal ideas on freedom of religion and he still refused to accord civil and political equality to Jews in the Papal States Bokenkotter T 272 The conservative Pius was deeply disturbed by the liberal pronunciation of Doellinger In response to Doellinger he wrote that the Catholic scholar must be the subject to the ordinary teaching function of the Church and to the decrees of the Roman congregation Bokenkotter 281 The Munich Congress and the assembly at Malines convinced Pius that the liberal virus was spreading throughout the Church Pope Pius went on the offensive and issued a general condemnation of modern errors including those associated with liberalism In this condemnation the Syllabus of Errors he listed eighty errors including rationalism naturalism a socialism that would subject the family totally to the state and liberal capitalism that had no other end than material gain Pius also proved himself to be an ultra-conservative when he condemned the freedom of religion progress and liberalism wwwAmericanpressorg Pius was also was also one of the biggest supporters of ultramontanism No one was more ultramontane than Pius IX himself Bokenkotter 284 Pius used a definite strategy in order to further the cause of
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