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Word Count: 496
Voltaire wrote Candide for many reasons He used it to present his opinions on the state of society and on the ideas and theories put forth by his contemporaries He used the character of Pangloss to satire Leibnitz and his view that this world was the best world because God had created it All of the misery and greif shown in the story and the constant referral by Candide to Pangloss philosophy is meant to show Leinbitz to be a fool Candide is also meant to show Voltaires pessimistic view on the human being and on society He shows the perfect society of el dorado in order to demonstrate to Candide how corrupt and full of prejudice relating to religion class etc his society was but instead Candide and Cacambo showed their greed by leaving el dorado with gold and jewels in order to gain wealth and notoriety in their world Voltaire was even as specific as to attack Elie-Catherine Freron a critic of his in Candide by making her the insufferable critic at the French play To make a long story short Voltaire was trying to make everyone see how ridiculous and dumb they looked to be involved in petty squabbles on religion or class when none of that mattered He is stressing the importance of equality and his belief that humans cause their own misery thru greed and prejudice Voltaire lived in a time when Europe was very much a devout religious autocratic society but the advent of science and geology were challenging convention such as the creation of the world in seven days and the precise age of the earth It was believed that everyone was born with all their thoughts and ideas ready in thier heads their fate set out and their whole existence mapped Following Leibnitzs doctrine of Optimism - that is that this is the best of all possible worlds thus everything happens for the best - meant
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