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Word Count: 700
In Nichomean Ethics Aristotle discusses human nature and ethics He first studies the character of a human as being dependent and defining what a person is Humans derive their identity and moral purpose from their participation in their community from their interaction with their parents ancestors friends customs institutions and laws Because of this every ethical uncertainty or question must be resolved by taking into account the essential and political basis of human life If one is to discuss what it is that makes a man good we have to really be considering which decisions will actually benefit or make the society good Aristotle sees that individual as being a part of a large and complex group of people with members having all types of capabilities The purpose of each individuals life is evaluated in relation to the other members of the community Although different communities live by different rules and strive for different goods it is possible to reach an understanding of what moral excellence is in any community by studying what it is that constitutes effective community membership Another important observation made by Aristotle is the fact that to study human ethics we must focus on the world around us We must look at on the traditions of our community the accepted theories of earlier philosophers especially those most famous for their wisdom These theories we must study not so as to find inconsistencies in them but to try to discover what it is they have in common and how they can affect our understanding of what the best way to live is Aristotle also underlines the fact that everything we learn from the observations we make will be nothing more than an approximate approach for dealing with ethical questions Ethics is not an exact science This approach is intended only for those who already have some sense of virtue instilled in them To understand some of the principles
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