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In my opinion Socrates analysis of human nature is very true as it ultimately brings us his definition of justice I agree with his theory of human nature but not his social-political theory In order to understand Platos theory of human nature and his social-political theory we must examine each one of them closely Plato believed that no one is self-sufficient enough to live individually Human beings are not created equally some of us are born wiser then the rest and some of us are just born stronger For this reason only the select few which would be the guardians among us are supposed to know what is best for the society and therefore becomes the ruler of everyone else Our reasoning spirit and natural wants are all part of human nature In book 1 of The Republic Plato had several detailed discussions on the nature of justice with other speakers in a dialogue form The process of discussion involves Socrates questioning arguing against various inadequate theories that attempts to define the true meaning of justice From the rich old man Cephalus we learned that justice involves telling the truth and repaying ones debts However Socrates points out that this definition of justice is inadequate because it cannot account for the instances of certain circumstances The simple example of returning a borrowed weapon to an insane friend who demands the return of his weapon would be an instance of following the rule but would not seem to be just Then Polemarchus Cephaluss son attempts to define justice by proposing that justice means one should pay what is owed Not returning or refusing to return the borrowed weapon would clearly benefit ones friend Socrates said that harming our enemies is only likely to make them even more unjust than they already are and cause them to make more unjust choices After that Thrasymachus came up with his own definition of justice which is nothing more than
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