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The Metamorphosis is Kafkas portrayal of the negative mental and physical aspects in his life It is clear that Kafkas low self-esteem stemmed from the lack of acceptance from his family especially his father The relationship between Kafka and his father can be seen in the relationship between Gregor and Mr Samsa This paper will use various texts to show that The Metamorphosis is a story about the impact of his negative father-son relationship on his self worth Kafkas relationship to his father was parallel to that of Gregor and his father In Kafkas younger years his father constantly criticized him especially about his physical appearance His father would brag about his awesome strength and would say something derogatory towards Franz because of his frail like body In Crawfords biography about Franz Kafka it is told that by the time he was six he was convinced that he was a weakling his own fathers attitude did this 17 An example of his fathers attitude is portrayed in the Metamorphosis when Gregor turns into a diseased bug The depiction of turning into a bug is a display of Kafkas subconscious It is how he felt about himself based on the treatment he received from his father The transformation of Gregor symbolizes Kafkas fathers opinion of him For example the reaction to the transformation by Mr Samsa is not one of pity but one of anger From the first time you meet Gregors father we are shown what a hot temper he has When Gregor first reveals himself from the bedroom already having transformed into a bug pitilessly his father came on hissing like a wild man Kafka 19 Gregors father then chases him back to his room kicking him on his back as he reached the doorway This situation is very similar to what Franz went through as he was maturing Kafka was verbally abused by his father because he was seen as a failure
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