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Word Count: 765
Fundamentally Calleo argues that the disintegration of the Soviet Union acted as a means to thrust Western Europe into a closer alliance of cooperation Calleo uses the EU in its current form to demonstrate that integration succeeds when member states can compromise around broadly shared interests particularly those shared by France and Germany 178 It can be said that the changed security landscape following the Cold War and the premise that with the Soviet Unions collapse the states of Western Europe had the resources to concentrate more on economic integration and development than managing the traditional security threats that they had battled for almost 50 years However he argues that this rapid move towards increased integration particularly over the last 15 years has also left the confederacy vulnerable to new challenges and old centrifugal forces Today The United States the sole remaining superpower can be regarded according to Calleo as the benevolent hegemon of an increasingly integrated world system -- a Pax Americana where inexorable forces of modernization eroded other nation states not least the ancient states of Europe Calleo is quick to demonstrate that the EU is not just successful because of the disintegration of the Soviet Union but that it is assisted and driven largely by the fact that France and Germany have made a conscious decision to cooperate to combat this American hegemony It can be argued that the so-called imperial fantasies of America will persist long enough to defeat constitutional dreams of Europe as deep political fractures have opened in the West with contending and conflicting visions of the future having arisen on each side of the Atlantic The United States who many believe is primarily driven by its disproportionate economic and military strength has according to many developed a unipolar hegemonic vision of the future for Europe and one that will arguably encroach upon Europes constitutional dreams Without an integrated Europe and a revival of American
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