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Word Count: 885
Romans were collectors and admirers of Greek art Art from Greece was brought to Rome copied and also changed by the Romans As a result Roman art is somewhat based on Greek art However Roman art is not merely a continuation of Greek art For an amateur it is difficult to determine between the two art forms because neither the Romans nor the Greeks wrote down the history of their own art The characteristics pertaining to each particular type of art are known to some extent so the experts are relatively accurate in determining the separation of the two types of art Roman art is divided into four categories portrait sculptures paintings and mosaics relief sculptures and statues Each of these has its own characteristics Portrait sculptures designed by the Romans shows the desire of the Romans for literalness it records even the homeliest features This is demonstrated in the sculpture Head of A Roman made of marble in 80 BC The artist painstakingly reported each rise and fall and each bulge and fold of the entire facial surface It was as if the artist was acting like a map maker trying not to miss the slightest detail The end product was a blunt bald record of features Idealism nor improvement of features was done causing the feeling of superrealism Paintings and mosaics were influenced by the architecture of the Romans Their architecture consisted of buildings containing a small number of doors and windows thus leaving considerably large stretches of wall space suitable for decoration The quality was determined by the importance and the wealth of the patron The walls were used for two things in Roman art First they were used as a barrier Secondly they were used to visually open the wall and enhance the space of the room Only certain colors were used These were deep red yellow green violet and black Two methods were used to prepare walls for painting
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