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Starting around the 1870s and lasting until around 1905 western nations began what is today called New Imperialism The major powers of the western world started to gain a need for expansion Italy France Great Britain United States and Germany started to feel the pressure being exerted on them by each other and realized that in order to stay on top and remain the a western power they must stretch their boundaries across seas During this time period imperialism was a common theme amongst the populations of the western nations and many very influential people wrote and preached the need for expanding their particular countries influence There were three reoccurring explanations given by people in favor of expansion the need for more land and resources in order to better suit the rising populations in the countries and increase economic chances for them the feeling of social Darwinism meaning only the strong and powerful will survive and be on top when it is all over and finally most of the countries that are being considered want to be under the rule of the western powers All these factors lead to this brief but extremely large imperialistic explosion A very common explanation for imperialism which people were using was the need for more territory in order to allow the population to expand culturally and economically The rapid increase in population in Europe and the industrial revolution started causing an overcrowding in cities and serious need for jobs in order to maintain order throughout the different countries Many countries held the belief that if a population increase was to continue at its current pace then sometime in the near future individual countries could no longer support itself and provide jobs for the majority of the population The United States felt the need for expansion because of the massive flow of immigrants into a recently developed nation and was not prepared for such a dramatic increase in the overall
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