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Ambition and Architecture Throughout history man has built Architecture whether it is monumental or not carries an important role in our society not merely for functional purposes but also as a means of communication Eloquence without words although difficult is accomplished effectively through architecture because buildings often functions as a center or at least a very important part of life Whether a building is religious or civic it attracts or rather demands attention and is therefore a perfect medium for conveying a concrete and public message In many cases however rulers who sponsor the building of structures are intent on portraying one idea their own power and authority Examples of architecture designed to convey the power and authority of a ruler are found throughout the history of art Examples include The Forum of Trajan in Rome and the Mortuary Precinct of Zoser in Egypt Both are vast architectural complexes built by powerful rulers and although they serve different functional purposes are used as a medium for establishing supremacy The Forum of Trajan and The Mortuary Precinct and Stepped Pyramid of Zoser are architectural complexes that were used to glorify their patrons Emperor Trajan and Pharaoh Zoser respectively However each complex exhibits a different approach towards this ultimate goal because the cultural differences between Romans and Egyptians made it necessary to use different techniques Romans had pride in their community and civic identity while Egyptians placed a higher emphasis on the importance of the afterlife as such the architectural complexes reflect these ideas I believe that the Forum of Trajan establishes power and authority by inviting the populous of Rome to marvel at Trajans accomplishments while the Mortuary Precinct of Zoser establishes the power of the Pharaoh by exploiting the Egyptian beliefs in the importance of preparation for the afterlife The Forum of Trajan designed by Apollodorus was at the center of Roman life The traditional forum of Rome served as a judiciary basilica as
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