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Prince Edward Island lies in the Gulf of St Lawrence and isseparated from New Brunswick and Nova Scotia by the Strait ofNorthumberland It once was connected to the mainland I chose to dothis province because I love lobster and the land is really beautifulAbout 11000 years ago the early people known as the Paleo-Indianslived on what is now Prince Edward Island They gathered berries in theislands forests and hunted seals and walrus with spears along the coastThey also tracked caribou and arctic foxes They left the area whenThe Maritime Archaic Indians moved there about 6000 years ago They also hunted and fished They made tools and animal figures carvedout of stone and bones I read that a 6500-year-old ulu a kind of knifeused to butcher walrus and whales was found a few years ago in the GulfThe Micmac Indians who were related to the Maritime ArchaicIndians settled almost 2500 years ago By this time the water hadseparated the island from the mainland They called the island Abegweitmeaning home cradled on the waves They built grass houses calledwigwams The Indians covered their shelters with furs for the cold winters Several thousand Micmac were living on the Island when the firstThe Europeans discovered the island when Jacques Cartier landedthere in 1534 He described it as the most beautiful stretch of landThere are stories of ghosts and buried pirate gold date back to thedays when sailing ships linked the island with Nova Scotia and schoonerspicked up cargo for the West IndiesIn the early 1600s France wanted to gain control of fishing waters France soon made a colony This was the first colony in what was knownas Acadia The British also claimed fishing and fur trading rights in theregion The two countries battled for this valuable land throughout theAfter Britain won the war against France the Islands name waschanged to St Johns Island A man named Samuel Holland was hired byKing George III to survey the land Holland selected
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