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Medical Changes in the Twentieth Century Medical advancements in American history have gone through many significant changes in the twentieth century These advancements in surgery medicine and technology had a dramatic impact on our society that improved and bettered the quality of life Americas medical history has had many changes and improvements since the beginning of its first medical practices Early medical practices in America were very unsafe as well as ineffective Its first hospitals were filthy and rare mostly in urban cities so mainly doctors operated in their own home Surgery Galenet Before anesthetics surgery was an extremely difficult task for American physicians They performed quickly because the pain was so unbearable that most patients went into shock Surgery Galenet A patient was lucky if they survived through surgery Early medical equipment used in America during the 1700s was hardly ever sterile Originally surgeons didnt clean their surgical clothing to prove that they were experienced Yount 10 The more soaked with blood and filth the more skilled you were considered If a patient survived through surgery Davison 2 they usually died soon after the loss of blood or an infection would kill them Yount 23 The development of anesthesia had a great impact on American history Originally a Georgia physician named Dr Crawford W Long developed the first anesthesia in 1795 Anesthesia Galenet He used ether a laughing gas during several surgeries but he never publicized these events Dr William Thomas Green Morton a Boston dentist was the first to demonstrate and publicize anesthesia Anesthesia Galenet Anesthesia made medical practices much easier and less painful also the amount of shock problems decreased They allowed US physicians to work more sufficiently Three types of anesthesia were invented nitrous oxide sulfuric ether and chloroform Although anesthetics were very helpful they also had a down side people became addicted to them Wilbur 48 Doctors and medical students were the main users
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