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The Old TestamentThe Old Testament is a compilation and like every compilation it has awide variety of contributors who in turn have their individualinfluence upon the final work It is no surprise then that there existcertain parallels between the Enuma Elish the cosmogony of theBabylonians and the Book of Genesis the first part of the Pentateuchsection of the Bible In fact arguments may be made that other NearEastern texts particularly Sumerian have had their influences inBiblical texts The extent of this borrowing as it were is notlimited to the Bible the Enuma Elish has its own roots in Sumerianmythology predating the Enuma Elish by nearly a thousand years Asuperficial examination of this evidence would erroneously lead one tobelieve that the Bible is somewhat a collection of older mythologyre-written specifically for the Semites In fact what develops is thatthe writers have addressed each myth as a separate issue and what thewriters say is that their God surpasses every other Each myth or textthat has a counterpart in the Bible only serves to further an importantidea among the Hebrews there is but one God and He is omnipotentomniscient and other-worldly He is not of this world but outside itapart from it The idea of a monotheistic religion is first evinced inrecorded history with Judaism and it is vital to see that instead ofbeing an example of plagiarism the Book of Genesis is a meticulouslycomposed document that will set apart the Hebrew God from the othersbefore and after To get a clear picture of the way the Book of Genesis may have beenformed because we can only guess with some degree of certainty we mustplace in somewhere in time and then define the cultures in that time The influences possible and probable must be illustrated and then wemay draw our conclusionsIf we trace back to the first appearance of the Bible in written form inits earliest translation we arrive at 444 BC Two texts components ofthe Pentateuch referred
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