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The Senate began to see Augustus as one of their own after he had won their trust and later only after hesitations because he far outranked them in power and prestige From this we can see that the Senate considered Augustus a powerful ally of sorts and Augustus needed the Senate to uphold on the surface the fundamental premise of Roman political thinking since anyone of importance in the political world was a part of the Roman Senate Under Augustus many of the old senatorial families died and the rest relied on him for survival both financially and politically Augustus also replaced much of the Senate with his chief supporters or men in parts of Italy originally not represented in Rome Those men tended to give their loyalty to Augustus who made their full participation in politics possible The Senate was ultimately transformed into a body that represented all parts of the empire The census was one way to reduce the size of the Senate though it wasnt the main way Obviously unworthy men were forced to leave men whose backgrounds deviated too markedly from the norm Augustus attempted a policy of encouragement and then tried to make the senatorial class kick out those members When neither worked he had to force them out himself The main purpose of these cuts were to wipe out the opposition from the Senatorial families with distinguished records Augustus measured worthiness by each mans net worth and corresponding income the amount of wealth was 400000 sesterces before Augustus - now it was 1 million sesterces From the reform on-wards only men already entitled to wear the tunic with the purple stripe could present himself as a candidate wiping out the tradition of all Romans having a chance The lower participation in elections mainly resulted from the tiny percentage of Romans eligible to vote Others lived too far away from Rome and some didnt bother at all
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