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Recent medical advances have greatly enhanced the ability to successfully transplant organs and tissue Forty-five years ago the first successful kidney transplant was performed in the United States followed twenty years later by the first heart transplant Statistics from the United Network for Organ Sharing ONOS indicate that in 1998 a total of 20961 transplants were performed in the United States Although the number of transplants has risen sharply in recent years the demand for organs far outweighs the supply To date more than 65000 people are on the national organ transplant waiting list and about 4000 of them will die this year- about 11 every day- while waiting for a chance to extend their life through organ donation Yoakam 1 This figure when looked at from an economic standpoint exemplifies a case of supply and demand between organ donors and patients with a diseased organ Just as there is a supply and demand in any given market there are also complementary and substitute goods Who decides who gets transplants and who doesnt This question implies that the organ market also needs to have various effective allocation mechanisms The organ market has complementary and substitute goods and can use various effective allocation mechanismsA person that receives an organ transplant almost always requires several complementary goods One obvious good is the medical care received for the actual transplant and for follow-up doctors visits For most people who undergo an organ or tissue transplant the quality of their life and general overall health improves following the transplant Persons who receive a transplant are frequently required to take a series of medications that suppress their immune system and prevent their body from rejecting the newly acquired organ They often will need to undergo frequent medical visits and testing to monitor the transplanted organ At times the organ transplant will be unsuccessful and the organ may need to be removed These people will be placed back on the waiting
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