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GERUNDS Many people say that gerunds are ing verbs used as nouns While that may be offensive to some in fact the statement is quite true They are verbs they always end in ing but they are used as a noun Because they are nouns they can be subjects direct objects indirect objects objects of the preposition or predicate nominatives Cooking is fun subject I enjoy cooking direct object The audience gave Emerils cooking enthusiastic applause indirect object After cooking Tom took a nap object of the preposition His hobby is cooking predicate nominative Remember that you must use the question key when you are trying to identify the subject direct object etc Remember this key WhoWhat verb subject Subject verb direct object Subject linking verb predicate nominative Subject verb direct object tofor WhomWhat indirect object Preposition ing gerund object of the preposition Since GERUNDS are ing verbs used as nouns they maintain their verb-like qualities which means that a gerund can also take a direct object A gerund and a direct object are referred as a GERUND PHRASE In order to determine whether or not the gerund has a direct object place the interrogative pronouns WhomWhat after the gerund If you get an answer then the gerund has a direct object Hearing that song reminded him of the childhood memories of yesteryear Hearing WhomWhat song song is the direct object of the gerund Your primary objective with gerund phrases is to isolate the phrase from the rest of the sentence Once you have done that then go through the key
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