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Pol Pot and the Khmer Rouge On April 17 1976 Pol Pot and the Khmer Rouge a group of Cambodian Marxists stormed the Cambodian capital of Phonm Penh forcing Cambodia into four years of horrifying terror They declared this time Zero Hour the day Cambodia would enter a new utopian era and say goodbye to the flawed ways of a capitalistic society Yet in reality Pol Pot leader of the Khmer Rouge achieved nothing for Cambodia The Cambodian people only suffered under Pol Pot with an estimated death toll of 3000000 Pol Pot a conniving man whos rule over Cambodia was marked by mass murder negligence and despotic rule attempted and failed to create an egalitarian communist society exploiting the manual power of the masses In 1970 Prince Sihanouk was hoisted out of power in a coup de tat General Lon Nol backed by the Central Intelligence Agency CIA of the United States US successfully seized power in Cambodia Nol as opposed to Sihanouk was pro US something the US valued in their war against Cambodias bordering nation of Vietnam Nol took little consideration of the people and their needs and his corrupt administration stirred support for the Khmer Rouge Seekins 4 At that time the Khmer Rouge a thirty-year-old Communist movement began their take over of Cambodia In the five-year period that followed Cambodia befell into a Civil War between the Khmer Rouge and Lon Nols forces On April 17th 1976 the Khmer Rouge succeeded and marched into Phnom Penh The Khmer Rouge at the time was led by Pol Pot formerly known as Saloth Sar Sar had received an education in radio electronics in France In France Sar was introduced to Marxism His teachers led him to believe that Cambodia a prosperous monarchy at the time should go through an agricultural revolution converting Cambodia to a classless agrarian country Geyer 1 In doing so Pol Pot was
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