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In psychology there are six modern psychological perspectives These perspectives are behavioral psychodynamic humanistic cognitive sociocultural and biological Each perspective has its own unique way of explaining the human behavior I believe to truly explain the complex mental processes and behavior each perspective must be examined and not limited to just one The following is my explanation and comparisons between two of these perspectives psychodynamic and behavioral perspectives pertaining to the article in the American Psychologist October 2000 Hunger Eating and I11 Health by John P J Pinel Sunaina Assanand and Darrin R Lehman The behavioral view is defined as the psychological perspective that emphasizes the power of the environment to influence behavior pg 41 The behavioral view is often referred to as behaviorism and was developed by psychologists who disagreed with the cognitive view Instead of looking at the mental processes behaviorists look at humans externally by observing the effects of people objects and events on behavior The stimulus-response connection developed by behaviorists explains human behavior by stating that each response has a stimulus An example would be a hunger the stimulus causing a person to eat the response True behaviorists claim that thoughts feelings and motives do not play a role in determining behavior Thoughts and feelings are not the cause but the result B F Skinner is quoted as saying The crucial age-old mistake is the belief thatwhat we feel as we behave is the cause of our behaving pg 94 The psychodynamic view is defined as a psychological perspective that emphasizes unconscious memories needs and conflicts as the causes of behavior pg 114 Psychodynamic psychologists look at the cause and mental conflict that trigger behavior Freud explained the mind as having pressures that build up and when these can no longer be contained then the unconscious mind releases these pressures These pressures might be jealousy and desires from early childhood relationships or even stress For the troubled mind this release
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