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There are many different types of social sciences Criminology is considered a social science because of its focus on the science of crime rates individual and group reasons for committing crime and community or societal reactions to crime What does it mean to say that criminology is a social science This essay will answer that exact question Criminologist create theories and test them using scientific methods like Wallaces Wheel of Science Creating a theory is the first step in Wallaces Wheel of Science A theory is an explanation Hypotheses are derived from theories using deductive research Using deduction criminologist choose from a collection of concepts and predict a result After a hypotheses has been stated a criminologists next step is to observe the hypotheses by implementing their research strategy on the people places or things their study has been designed to cover This part is also known as data collection The final step in Wallaces Wheel is to generalize the results of analysis back to the theory Moreover using inductive research the criminologist is able to draw a conclusion from the facts presented If the criminologists analysis failed to reject the hypotheses then heshe have proved their theory to be correct Wallaces Wheel of Science is key to determining the cause and effect formula The cause and effect formula looks like this X - Z - Y The X factor is the independent variable the cause The Z factor is the intervening factor the event that took place which leads to the Y factor The Y factor is the dependent variable the effect or response Using Wallaces Wheel a criminologist can input this formula into it and conduct an experiment that is investigative and logical The social aspect of criminology focuses on human behavior in relation to crime The scientific aspect of criminology is the application of systematic methods of observation and careful logical analysis furthermore the knowledge produced by the use of the
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