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George C Marshall was born on December 31 1880 in Uniontown Pennsylvania He graduated from the Virginia Military Institute VMI in 1901 and was commissioned a Second Lieutenant During World War I he was stationed in France and won acclaim for his direction of the Meuse-Argonne offensive Before the offensive Marshall was responsible for the withdrawal of 200000 men and replacing them with 600000 American soldiers making sure that there were hospitals to treat the sick and wounded moving more than 3000 cannons and 40000 tons of ammunition all the while hiding these movements from the Germans by moving only at night After World War I he was a high-level aide to General John J Pershing Prior to the outbreak of World War II he progressed steadily from assistant chief-of-staff of the US Army July 1938 to deputy chief of staff October 1938 to chief of staff the following year In 1944 Marshall was promoted to General of the Army He spent a year in China in 1945-46 as President Trumans representative attempting to bring about a peaceful resolution to the conflict between the nationalists and the communists As Secretary of State from 1947 to 1949 he developed an economic program the Marshall Plan to help bring relief to war torn nations in Europe The plan stipulated that the United States war prepared to assist Europe on certain terms The European countries were to 1 Confer and Determine their needs on a continental basis 2 show what resources they could put into a common pool for economic rebuilding 3 stabilize their currencies and 4 try to remove trade barriers so that goods could flow freely throughout the continent With the assistance of the Marshall Plan Western Europe began to recover from the ravages of war Marshalls effort to include the Soviet Union and Eastern Europe in this grand design was rejected by Moscow As Western Europe rebuilt Europe was divided both economically and ideologically and
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