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Otto von Bismarck and his Policies- Otto von Bismarck or Otto Eduard Leopold Prince von Bismarck Count von Bismarck-Schnhausen Duke von Lauenburg--was a Prussian statesman who in 1871 founded the German Empire and served as its first chancellor for 19 years Once the empire was established he actively and skillfully pursued pacific policies in foreign affairs succeeding in preserving the peace in Europe for about two decades But in domestic policies his patrimony was less benign for he failed to rise above the authoritarian proclivities of the landed squirearchy to which he was born Britannica 1997 Foreign policy Until his resignation in 1890 Bismarck had a relatively free hand in conduct of foreign policy After three successful wars he saw his task as promoting peace and gaining time so that the powerful German Empire would come to be accepted as natural Bismarcks two areas of concern were the Balkans where the disintegration of the Turkish empire could easily lead to conflict between the Habsburg monarchy and Russia and France where the desire to avenge the defeat at Sedan was strong In each area a general European conflagration could flare up and involve Germany In 1873 he embraced a pacific foreign policy when he negotiated the Dreikaiserbund Three Emperors League with Russia and Austria-Hungary But the alliance did not survive the Russo-Turkish War of 1877 When the Austrians and British threatened war over a Carthaginian peace imposed on Turkey by the Russian victors Bismarck called for a peace congress in Berlin The German chancellor succeeded in getting the Russians to moderate their gains and peace was preserved But a European conflagration had barely been averted Soon after the conference Bismarck negotiated a defensive alliance with
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