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Salvador Dali was born Salvador Felipe Jacinto Dali i Domenech at 845 am Monday 11 May 1904 in the small town in the foothills of the Pyrenees of Figueres Spain approximately sixteen miles from the French border in the principality of Catalonia His parents supported his talent and built him his first studio while he was still a child in their summer home Dali went on to attend the San Fernando Academy of Fine Arts in Madrid Spain was married to Gala Eluard in 1934 and died on 23 January 1989 in a hospital in the town he born Dali did not limit himself to one particular style or medium Beginning with his early impressionistic work going into his surrealistic works for which he is best known and ending in what is known as his classic period it becomes apparent just how varied his styles and mediums are He worked with oils watercolors drawings sculptures graphics and even movies Dali held his first one-man show in Barcelona in 1925 where his talents were first recognized He became internationally known when some of his paintings were shown in the Carnegie International Exhibition in Pittsburgh in 1928 The next year he joined the Paris Surrealist Group and began his love affair with Gala who became more than just his lover she was his business manager muse and greatest inspiration Surrealism emerged from what was left of Dada in the early 1920s and unlike Dada a nihilistic movement Surrealism held a promising and more positive view of art and because of this won many converts It began as a literary movement in a Paris magazine What they held in common was their belief in the importance of the unconscious mind and its manifestations as was stressed by Freud They believed that through the unconscious mind a plethora of artistic imagery would be unveiled Both of these movements were also anti-establishment and they rejected the traditional Western Judeo-Christian beliefs
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