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CHARGER WARS The street-racing scene in the United States has grown to an all-time high and is still growing towards an unknown paramount Car enthusiasts put in vast amounts of time labor and money to modify their cars Their goal is to dominate the streets by having the fastest and most powerful car so they can have the right to brag As a result the debate over turbocharging or supercharging a car engine for power was born Both of these types of engine modifications share similarities but at the same time they differ vastly Turbocharging is usually the preference of engineering purists because it captures wasted exhaust energy and puts it to work Because less wasted energy equals higher efficiency a turbo-aspirated engine is extremely efficient because of its use of exhaust waste A turbocharged engine uses a centrifugal compressor which is basically a fan with its blades reversed so that air is being sucked instead of being blown out In a turbocharger the wasted heat energy of the exhaust stream is directed so that it is used to compress air taken in from the outside This compression of air creates power and at the same time more heat in the exhaust The newly created exhaust heat is then taken to compress more air which creates more power and more heat which creates a continuous cycle This cycle creates boost and dramatically increases the power of an engine The horsepower gain from the addition of turbo runs from approximately fifty to ninety horsepower Because the exhaust drives a turbo the exhaust and intake air both have to be routed to the centrifugal processor This causes problems because complex plumbing has to be done to bring the air intake and exhaust systems to the same place This requires plenty of engine room for pipes and wires to be run so that point A can be connected to point B A secondary problem is the centrifugal compressor
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