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THE NYLON POLYMER WHO WHAT WHEN AND HOW OF NYLON Nylon was one of the first commercial polymers ever developed It was first invented by a team of chemists at the Du Pont de Nemours and Company research facility in the 1930s This team was led by Dr Wallace Hume Carothers The goal of nylon was to create a polymer that was easily made into fiber form The first nylon polymer that was created was the nylon 66 polymer CHEMICAL FORMULA AND PROPERTIES OF NYLON Chemical formula for Nylon Polymer 66 H-O-CO-CH24-COOH H2N-CH26-NH2 NH-CH26-NH- COCH24-CO H2O or adipic acid hexamethylenediamine nylon 66 water There are many different nylon polymers The most common forms of nylon are nylon 6 and nylon 66 They are all named for the number of carbons in each monomer The two ingredients used to made nylon 66 each have six carbons and that is why the polymer is called nylon 66 Many synthetic plastics of high weight such as nylon are manufactured as fibers Nylons properties include high strength toughness elasticity chemical and abrasion resistance Nylon is often formed through a condensation reaction This occurs when there is a formation of a single bond between two molecules and then accompanied by the removal of water molecules Nylon polymer 66 is constructed by the continual condensation of hexanedioic acid with hexamethylenediamine USES OF NYLON Nylon 6 and nylon 66 were the first commercial nylons There are many applications for the various types of nylons Some nylons are used as engineering plastics in gears sliders rollers door latches and wire coverings It is also used domestically in toothbrush bristles clothing carpets rope and backpacks Nylon stockings quickly became very popular among women Shortly after its invention World War II began and it was used in parachutes tire cord and other equipment Because of its major uses
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