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The Picts inhabited Pictavia or Pictland - Caledonia Scotland north of the River Forth - prior to the invasion of the Scotti Sgaothaich from Ireland The name Pict first appears in a panegyric written by Eumenius in 297 AD Although Picti is usually assumed to mean painted or tattooed as in Latin it may have a Celtic origin The Goidelic Celts called the Picts Cruithne and the Brythonic Celts knew them as prydyn whence Britain History Many archaeological remains in the form of buildings and jewelry have survived to give an impression of the society of the Picts but little in the way of writing has survived Pictish society seems to have comprised a number of small kingdoms which occasionally clashed Scholars believe that Pictland comprised all of modern Scotland north of the Forth and Clyde except for Argyll It appears that two over-kingdoms existed one north of the Mounth with its core in Moray the other to the south with the capital at Forteviot Irish sources recorded that seven ancient Pictish kingdoms existed Cait -- situated in modern Caithness and Sutherland Ce -- situated in modern Mar and Buchan Circinn -- situated in modern Angus and the Mearns Fib -- situated in the modern Fife and Kinross Fife remains known to this day as the Kingdom of Fife Fidach -- situated in modern Moray and Ross Fotla -- situated in modern Atholl and Gowrie Fortriu -- situated in modern Strathearn and Menteith also known as Fortrenn and as the Verturiones to the Romans However good archaeological evidence and some written evidence suggest that a Pictish kingdom also existed in Orkney Christian missionaries completed the conversion of Pictland in the 7th century having converted southern kingdoms in the 5th or 6th centuries Although the Britons of southern Scotland and then the Northumbrian church played a part in this process the Celtic church of Saint Columba and his successors proved the
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