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Utilitarianism Chp 2 What Utilitarianism Is To explain utilitarianism Mill begins by pointing out two common mistakes those who oppose utilitarianism believe to be true about it The first common misconception that the opposers believe is that when they hear the term utility as a test for right and wrong they often think of it as being the opposite of pleasure The second misconception Mill wrote about is that the term utilitarian is perverted because of its constant misuse which implies superiority to frivolity or the mere pleasures of the moment Mill 913 Mills purpose for writing this piece is to shine a light on the true theory of utilitarianism and to clear up any misunderstandings on the subject Utilitarianism is a theory of life which is grounded on morals which measures what is right and wrong To examine what actions are deemed right or wrong utilitarians use the greatest happiness principle This principle expresses that the right action is the one that leads to best outcome by recognizing right as the promotion of pleasure over pain Utilitarians believe that the right action will always either prevent pain or elevate pleasure Pleasure for utilitarians does not just propose bodily pleasure but pleasures of the whole being They believe in order to live life morally one must live to enhance pleasure and avert pain This belief of Utilitarianism does not resonate with all people Some people believe that the idea that life has no high end than pleasure is mean and groveling This is a perfect example of what Mill described in the fist paragraph of Chapter 2 because the opposers presume that the Utilitarianism Doctrine is worthy of pigs and other lowly animals This implies that human beings are only capable of achieving pleasures as simply as pigs and animals do This assumption is degrading to humans as well as very narrow- minded because it is based on a preconception on the meaning
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