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Word Count: 884
1839 Austen Henry Layard set off with a friend to Ceylon but in Mesopotamia he was delayed by a reconnaissance of Assyrian mounds It was from this reconnaissance of Nineveh that he found a buried library and lost literature The importance of this find was not understood until much later when the clay tablets were deciphered In 1853 Layards collaborator and successor unearthed the part of the library that contained the tablets of the Gilgamesh Epic Not until twenty years later in December of 1872 did they fully understand what a spectacular find this was The epic poem is about a man named Gilgamesh who is two-thirds god and one third mortal There is a belief that he may have been a historical person The story starts by introducing Gilgamesh a tyrannical Babylonian king who ruled the city of Uruk He is described as a wise man which saw mysteries and knew secret things He brought us a tale of the days before the flood as after he returned from his journeys he wrote the story on tablets of stone Due to his oppressive nature as a ruler his subjects cried out to the gods to create a challenger one who could equal Gilgamesh in mind and body In response the gods created Enkidu a wild brutish man Enkidu was innocent of mankind and lived in the forest with the wild animals Once Enkidu was introduced to the ways of a woman he was filled with wisdom and the thoughts of man were in his heart No longer would the animals accept him as one of their own so he went to live in the village Enkidu challenged Gilgamesh to a wrestling match When the contest fails to create a clear victor Gilgamesh and Enkidu become close friends The two become very close seeing themselves as brothers and set of to find fame and
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