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Human nature has been determined by many as many different things Some believe that humans have a preexisting essence that account for their actions However an existentialist or a determinist would disagree on such a philosophy Jean-Paul Sartre is a famous French existentialist Not only was he an existentialist but an atheist as well He asserted that God does not exist and that the only human condition is that of free choice Sigmund Freud revolutionized unconscious drives in the 20th century and was a determinist He believed that humans operate under subjectivity also but with many behaviors resulting from unconscious drives Mary Shelleys novel Frankenstein tested many theories on human nature Sartre would consider some decisions made by the character Victor Frankenstein as acts of bad faith but attribute the end result to authenticity Sigmund Freud would attribute much of Victor Frankensteins behavior to repressed sexual desires Existentialists have three fundamental arguments that define them as such One being that in relation to other philosophies human nature as defined in terms of universality escapes the importance of individualism and the importance of lifes limitless situations The second argument confronts the metaphysical realm of humanity Existentialists do not place focus on objective truth but believe that it is subjectivity that defines human existence Last but most certainly not the least the freedom in which we humans are born with determines our actions attitudes purposes and values Haberman Stevenson 1998 Existentialism is a dogma that proclaims every truth and every action implies a human setting and a human subjectivity Sartre Handout pg 254 Jean-Paul Sartre is the most famous French existentialist 1905-1980 A key assertion in his writings centers on his rejection of the existence of God To Sartre the concept of God and all that heshe stands for aka the commandments is contradictory He argues that believers of such a God would assume that without God there would be no rules for which humans
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