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The purpose of this report is to verify how a single case reflects the background literature of Payne and Isaacs 1995 Haywood 1995 and McPherson and Brown 1988 on the factors identified as being important to the socialisation of children into sport and physical activity Throughout these readings there were three major elements identified in the socialisation process which lead individuals to learn about their societal role These three elements are socialising agents social situations and personal attributes Socialising agents are simply the people who play a role in influencing an individuals sport participation such as family peers teachers and coaches Parents were found to be a significant influence on the childs involvement in sport activities Payne Isaacs 199547 Parents are the first to encourage or discourage a childs play activity or sport participation Although when children commence school peers will often begin to have a stronger influence over their sporting choices Payne Isaacs 1995 Coaches and teachers play a role in the socialisation process through the personal experiences they offer each individual Teachers and coaches also must recognise the potential they have to turn their students away from sport or physical activity Haywood 1995309 Positive experiences with coaches and teachers can stimulate learning however bad experiences have an adverse affect and cause dropouts Social situations include the activities which children play and the environments in which they are played These situations provide a source where individuals can gather information about society Through these situations a person learns how to follow rules and develop the skills necessary to work together with others in group situations Social situations are also the place where a person develops their personal attributes Personal attributes include the individuals perceived sports ability This is their personal judgement of their capability significance success and worthiness It is their self-esteem Childrens self esteem is greatly influenced by verbal and non-verbal communication from others who are significant
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