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Word Count: 550
A The king -1789 Loius XVI -Married to Marie Antoinette Austria -Lived in luxury at palace of Versailles -Believed in the Divine right of kings g-d had put him on this earth as his representative on the throne -Only G-d could remove him from the throne The people could not remove him In theory he ruled as absolute power absolute Monarch - monarchy in which kings power is unlimited - Legislative - the Estate General Parliament had not met since 1614 - lit de justice - overule the Parliament -Judicial - lettre de cachet a letter that could put a person into prison without a trial -Executive - unlimited executive B Clergy - first estate -Upper clergy -Lower clergy Upper clergy -eg Archbishops Abbots Many churchman - took position for advantages -85 of Churchs income used by them -Owned and rented out 15 of land of France -Exempt paying taxes and army services -Only subjected to church courts above courts and tried in these courts -Received tithes from 3rd Estate 110 of peoples salary Lower Clergy -eg Priests monks from 3rd estate -Poor but dedicated - only received 15 of Churchs income -Critical of Upper Clergy - sympathized with 3rd Estate Therefore Upper clergy - content want status quo to remain Therefore Lower Clergy - wanted to fight welcomed revolt C Nobles - 2nd estate -Nobles of the Estate -Nobles of the Sword -Nobles of the Robe iNobles of the Estate -Lived on their country Estates owned Land -Insisted Peasants pay heavy Feudal Dues -Taxes -Service labor -Share of crops iiNobles of the Sword - Owned land but most lived in luxury at Palace of Versailles originally wealthy but wasted fortunes and were supported by the state - came from taxes of the 3rd estate Highest Position in army and navy but incompetent and
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