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Word Count: 331
A hot spot is said to be a volcano that is recognized by an age progression from one endof the chain to the other An active volcano commonly serves as an anchor at one end ofthe chain After minutes of searching the web I found a hot spot that was not included inthe Hawaii or Yellow Stone hot spots I found my hot spot near India by the island ofAbout 66-68 million years ago present-day India was above the hot spot and greatvolumes of basaltic lava erupted to produce the Deccan Traps As the plate movednortheast over the hot spot more volcanic centers formed The Maldives from 55-60million years ago the Chagos Ridge 48 million years ago the Mascarene Plateau 40million years ago and the Mauritus Islands from 18-28 million years ago The youngestvolcanoes Piton des Neiges and Piton de la Fournaise formed in the last 5 million yearsThe summits of these volcanoes make the island of Reunion Piton de la Fournaise is supposed to be one of the biggest volcanoes on Earth From theocean floor it is over 21600 feet 6600 m tall The base of the volcano has a diameter of135 miles 220 kmthe base of Mount St Helens has a diameter of about 9 km Becauseof Piton de la Fournaises great size its unstable and collapses to form giant landslides likethose in Hawaii A volcano above a hot spot does not erupt forever Eventually themovement of the tectonic plate carries the volcano off of its magma supply The volcanobecomes extinct and cools The plate beneath the volcano and above the hot spot alsocools The rocks that make the volcano and plate become more dense The volcano andthe plate gradually subside as they move away from the hot spot Even giant volcanoeslike Piton de la Fournaise will eventually disappear into the ocean As the volcanosubsides below sea-level the top is eroded flat by waves
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