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Word Count: 231
Many people feel strongly that superstitious rituals do work These people usually have some ritual or tradition that they believe helps them achieve or win something For example when someone uses the same color pen every time to take a test because they have taken a test before and passed with that color pen These rituals continue because sometimes by coincidence the outcome is good or the same BF Skinner 1948 demonstrated this by using eight pigeons in his laboratory He found that partial reinforcement got the best response because it persisted after it had been learned This is an intermittent schedule of reinforcement He also found that continuous reinforcement just taught the subject to use same response to receive reinforcement or reward Skinner also annoyed and infuriated people because he believed that free will is an illusion and that we are shaped by our environments and genetic heritage I feel that superstitious rituals are illusions because people tend to have certain beliefs and superstitions or see things a certain way because of their environment and family or genetics We believe so strongly about our own beliefs that we do not feel that they are superstitions or illusions Superstitions and illusions are beliefs that can not be proven Many things in our life such as our religious beliefs can not be proven as a fact but we still believe in them
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