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Name of SiteMonument Arch of Septimius Severus Location of Monument a Region Northwest corner of the Roman Forum near the Capitoline Hill b Location in Modern Rome Roman Forum Dates of main construction phases In 203 AD the Arch of Septimius Severus became the first monument on the northwestern side of the Roman Forum This arch destroyed the symmetry of the Roman Forum Originally the level of the ground on the side toward the Forum was so high that the pavement of the central arch was reached by four or five steps The steps to the side arches were cut at a later date About the middle of the fourth century the level in front of the arch was lowered contrary to the general rule as is shown by the massive concrete base on which is set the pedestal of the equestrian statue of Constantius Platner 244 EarlierAlternative Identification na FunctionPurpose The Arch of Septimius Severus was technically a triumphal arch but according to Giuseppe Lugli in his book The Roman Forum and the Palatine the monument was really more commemorative than triumphal 32 It was raised to Septimius Severus who ruled for 18 years and his two sons Caracalla and Geta in commemoration of the victories they had gained over the Arabs and Parthians in Mesopotamia It celebrated the extension of the boundaries of the empire Lanciani 42 Commissionedvoweddedicated by Commissioned by Septimius Severus but not finished until after his death during Caracallas reign Designed by na Dimensions of the monument According to Platner the arch is 23 meters high 25 meters wide and 1185 meters deep the central archway is 12 meters high and 7 meters wide and the side archways are 780 high and 3 meters wide On each face of the arch are four fluted Corinthian columns 878 meters high and 090 meters in diameter at the base These columns stand free from the arch on projecting pedestals
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