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The Dead Sea Scrolls In the scorching blistering Jordan desert in the Middle East there lies a cave that is home to one of the greatest archeological discoveries of the century The Dead Sea Scrolls wrapped in linen cloth enclosed in jars contains the unexplained excerpts of the Bible Around 150 BCE a group of people known as the Dead Sea Sect who are believed to be the ancient biblical people called the Essenes wrote numerous scrolls about their ways of life and their ways of religion The discovery of the scrolls in Qumran and the insight it contained questioned the interpretation of the Bible The Dead Sea Scrolls are also known as the Qumran manuscripts because the scrolls were found in a group of caves surrounding the Dead Sea in Jordan called Qumran The scrolls were found at the lower elevations of the Dead Sea Along with the scrolls artifacts were later found at Qumran which dated back to the Iron Age 2 which was between the eight-seventh century BC This site was later named Ir Ha-Melah City of Salt The discovery of the scrolls was not by archeologists but rather a boy from a Bedouin tribe called Muhammad Adh-Dhib This boy accidentally stumbled upon the scrolls while looking for treasure in the Qumran caves The scrolls were discovered in several broken jars with many other broken pieces surrounding them The scrolls were made of leather except for two scrolls which were made of copper Each scroll was wrapped in torn linen cloth When Muhammad saw this paper he thought he could get some money for it He sold the scrolls in the market for money After they were in the market an archeologist by the name of EL Sukenik realized the importance of them He smuggled them back to the United States to be translated but then later brought them back to the Middle East Scientist realized that these scrolls were different
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