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Word Count: 403
Australopithecus afarenis Louis Leakey found the first fossil remains of the species Australopithecus afarenis in 1935 during an excavation in Africa He found a canine tooth from the A afarenis species while in Laetoli Tanzania which is near Lake Victoria He met his future wife Mary at Cambridge It was 43 years until the next remains would be found In 1978 Mary Leakey who was Louis Leakeys mistress at the time and Paul Abell found three sets of fossilized footprints also in Laetoli Australopithecus afarenis walked in fallen ash from a volcanic eruption nearly 4 million years ago The footprints left behind were of the same pattern as modern day men They stepped with the pressure going first to the ball of the foot and then push off with their toes just as humans do today Though the Leakeys findings were important Donald Johansons were the most important Donald Johanson in 1974 found the most popular fossilized hominid He was the anthropologist who found the invaluable Lucy Forty-seven bones of Lucy were found in Hadar Ethiopia The skeleton was 40 done--the most complete hominid skeleton found Through radiocarbon dating scientist discovered that Lucy lived 32 million years ago Lucy with a height of 35 ft and a weight of 60lbs was a full-grown adult She had a wide face that resembled an ape more than a human did Her forehead was low with a osseous browridge and a level nose The hominid had a forward prominent jaw with broad canines and incisors Lucy is thought to have an omnivorous diet of mostly meat The angle of her hips showed specialists that Lucy was bipedal but did not walk with as much ease as modern humans She walked with a slight waddle Scientists also believe she was a tree-climber and lived in small scavenging herds Lucys arms were longer than those of humans
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