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This paper will address the general form of the argument for the identity of the person mind with the body brain This argument will be found unsound because it is both invalid and because the premises on which the argument is based are in fact false This analysis will include a critical examination of Logical Behaviorism a theory that supports this argumentThe argument is based on two premises PP1 The mind is subject to understanding and control by science P2 Only what is quantifiable and sense-perceptible is subject to control by science Therefore based on these two premises the following two conclusions C can be reached C1 The mind is quantifiable and sense-perceptible C2 The mind is the same thing as the body brain The validity of an argument is found when if the premises are true then the conclusions would follow logically from those premises According to the premises established in the argument the first conclusion would naturally follow The argument seems to be logical and the conclusions do indeed follow from the premises In addition the second conclusion can also be reached from the premises but only with the assumption that the body is the part of the person which is quantifiable and sense-perceptible Because this assumption is taken as truth the second conclusion follows in the argument Therefore it would seem that the overall form of the argument is valid That however is not the case because the argument is begging the questionBegging the question is a logical fallacy in which the conclusion is assumed before it has been proved In this case the first premise by claiming that the mind is subject to control by science is pre-supposing that the mind is only physical - it is the body the brain the neurons That however is the first conclusion of the argument Therefore in order to achieve the first premise one needs to have already established the first
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