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Word Count: 520
The Metis were partly french and partly indian Their leader wascalled Louis riel Following the Union of the Hudsons Bay Company and the North West Company in 1821 trading had been reorganized in order to reduce expenses Since there was no longer competition in the fur trade it was unnecessary to have two or more posts serving a single trading district For this reason some posts had been closed and the number of brigades reduced This reorganization had led to some unemployment amoung Metis who for years had been working in the fur trade The Hudson Bay Company had attempted to assist these these men by encouraging them to engage in farming in what is now South Manitoba A few families take to agriculture but most of the metis found it difficult To them the excitement and the adventure of the buffalo hunt held more appeal than farming Hundreds of Metis were content to earn a living by hunting buffalo making pemmican or finding employment as freight drivers After a while Canada bought Rupertsland from Hudson Bay Company When the Metis herd this they were alarmed They feared their religiontheir language their lands and their old free way of life They had known for some time that Canada was busy constructing a colonists highway from Lake Superior to the Red River The situation became tense surveyors were sent into the flow of settlers and it was considered a wise move to have the surveying well under way before settlement began in earnest It was decided to use a system or land survey similar to that used in the western part of the United States Townships were to be divided into thirty-six sections each containing one square mile or 640 acres The sections were then to be divided into the quarter-section was thought to be enough land for each family settling in the North West An interesting aspect of the survey system was the
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