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Marfans syndrome is a disorder of connective tissue Marfans syndrome effects the skeleton lungs eyes heart and blood vessels It can also effect men and women of any race or ethnic group Marfans can have fatal consequences and outcomes It effects one out of every thousand Marfans syndrome damages the cardiovascular musculoskeletal and ocular systems of a patient Without proper diagnosis and treatment a persons life with Marfans syndrome could become endangered Dr Antoice Marfan discovered Marfans syndrome in 1896 Through the years the technology to increase the life expectancy of its patients has grown It is the most common inherited disorder Marfan syndrome is an autosomal dominant disorder that affects the connective tissue The connective tissue is the most abundant tissue in the body It supports and protects many other tissues in the body It is a vital component of all organs and gives strength to blood vessels Marfan syndrome is linked to FBN1 gene on chromosome 156 Chromosome 15 contains a gene that codes for type I collagen receptors cardiac and muscle actin4 FBN1 encodes a protein The protein is called fibrillin This is essential for the formation of elastic fibers which are located in the connective tissues6 A decrease production of fibrillin causes the gene to mutate4 Thirty percent of cases arise from the new mutation of the gene1 Since fibirllin is present in so many structures of the body clinical research of the disease varies with each structure4 The degeneration of the elastin leads to aortic dilation or enlargement1 Marfan syndromes symptoms are mostly related with the heart As a child a marfan childs heart appears to grow normally As time goes by the aortic root dilation is common and there is a rapid increase in aortic size This causes an increase in heart complications Marfans patients have to undergo multiple and extensive surgeries Doctors have to treat many heart problems with marfan patients One is the treatment of ascending aortic
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