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The following is a brief description as well as know characteristics commonly associated with the Crotalus horridus snake family The Crotalus horridus is commonly referred to as the timber rattlesnake or in more indigenous terms the canebrake or banded rattlesnake Its genus name is a translation from the Greek word krotalon which means rattle The species is a Latin word meaning standing on end Breen 1974 Together they illustrate the rattlers stalking posture The Crotalus horridus is a member of the Animalia kingdom the Chordata Phylum the Reptilia Class with a subclass from the Lepidosaura The Crotalus horridus is also a member of the Viperidae Family The Crotalus horridus will vary in size from 35-75 inches and alter in their color patterns The northern variety sports a unique color combination of yellow-brown andor gray to black and of course each snake has its own distinctive crossbands The southern variety is quite similar to that of the northern in its color patterns however the crossbands displayed are tan or reddish-brown The Crotalus horridus is a member of the pit viper Viperidae family as previously mentioned which means heat is distinguished or sensed from apertures at the tip of the nostrils The snakes are equipped with large recurved fangs resting at the top of the mouth and are specifically intended for liberal venom injection The snakes are outfitted with a fascinating appendage that produces a buzzing sound when the tail is vibrated Ironically newborn snakes begin with only a single segment of tail This portion is commonly referred to as the button Breen 1974 The young adapt rather quickly with a second segment within the first ten days of life A new segment is added for each shedding of skin The Crotalus horridus female usually mate in fall and give birth every two to three years normally around the August - October time frame She will produce anywhere from 5-17 young These newly born snakes will
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