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The study was called Parental Hostility Impact on the Family Wesley D Alan Javad Kashani and John Reid conducted this study This study is the first effort to systematically examine the effects that parental hostility has on a child and the family The experimenters anticipated that parental hostility would be connected with extended levels of child psychopathology One hundred children ages 7 to 12 from an inpatient unit in a university affiliated community mental health center served as the subjects Additionally one parent usually the mother took part in the study A number of children were excluded from the study because they either had full IQs or they met the criteria for a psychotic disorder leaving a sample of 87 This study was done mostly by questionnaires some being Symptom Checklist 90-Revised SCL-90-R Dimensions of Temperament Survey DOTS Personality Inventory for Children PIC The Scale for Suicide Ideation SSI The Childrens Manifest Anxiety Scale RCMAS and the Childrens Depression Rating Scale CDRS A research assistant administered the questionnaires to each child after admission Following a structured interview with each child the assistant completed the CDRS A member of the nursing staff completed the SSI after conducting a semi structured interview with each child and after observing hisher on unit behavior Additionally the one parent completed questionnaires like the SCL-90 PIC and the DOTS After this was done with every child two groups were formed by doing a split based on the SCL-90 hostility scores and they were compared The major findings in this study are that the presence of parental hostility is associated with the concurrent presence of familial problems Meaning parents who are hostile likely head families that lack cohesion and tend to be chaotic and unsupportive These families may also be characterized by arguments and frequent problems with alcohol Parental hostility was also closely related to the parental temperament traits of adaptability and mood Hostile parents may not be able
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