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The classical Nazca culture inhabited areas around the Nazca Valley on the South coast of Peru during the Early Intermediate period or 300 BC - 600 AD Their capitol city was Cahuachi located near the Rio Nazca several kilometers inland In its florescence Cahuachi was a ceremonial place where the Nazca would go and meet to conduct rituals or do business since the average citizen did not live within the city Eventually Cahuachi was changed into a mortuary ground filled with votive offerings most stolen by looters Moseley 1992 187 190 Though the river valleys contained water the majority of the Southern Coast was arid and water supply was a major concern To deal with this they built a sophisticated irrigation system one composed of slightly downward tilted tunnels that eventually supplied water to canals Moseley 1992 186 Little information regarding Nazca political organization has survived to become part of the archaeological record However it is known that they had a federated style of rule in which each group had its own unique identity and style Moseley 1992 187 At this time literacy had not yet developed in Peru leaving the best way to learn more about this culture through studying their art and trying to infer behavior from it Their main themes are usually of a religious nature and allow some interpretation of the beliefs and values of the Nazca society Multi-colored or polychrome pottery and fine textiles are found in abundance at Cahuachi and the mysterious lines of the Nazca are sporadically distributed from the Lambayeque region into northern Chile Moseley 1992 189 Nazca art range from very plain styles to highly abstract symbolism of deities or supernatural beings TEXTILES Nazca textiles were rich in iconography and brightly colored In fact one hundred and ninety different colors and shades have been identified Anton 1984 63 In addition
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